(iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] As part of this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from any threat and violence, in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. To begin the lasting peace process, both governments agreed that Indian and Pakistani troops would be withdrawn from their side of the international border. The line of control between Jammu and Kashmir would be identical to that of 17 December 1971. Both countries would respect the international border and the withdrawal of the armed forces would be completed within 30 days of the implementation of the agreement.

This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July and India on 3 August, after which the agreement entered into force on 4 August 1972. The agreement reaffirms that efforts are being made to put an end, as far as possible, to all these differences and disagreements that have led to differences between the two countries over the past 25 years. The two governments have also agreed to do everything in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other. The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India. That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations.

From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries were willing to engage in dialogue through press releases and discussions began. Finally, it was agreed that talks between Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi would begin on 28 June 1972. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The Simla Agreement Conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date.