At 7:16 p.m., French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius abruptly returned to the stage, flanked by senior UN officials. The last-minute compromises have been resolved, he said. And all of a sudden, they were all standing. Fabius dropped the green gift, a symbol of the UN talks, and announced that a Paris agreement had been signed. Delegates applauded, clapped and whistled wildly, kissed and cried. Even the economist Lord Stern, usually reluctant, gasped. In the meantime, everyone will see if the climate negotiations have been successful. Countries may not have met all of their climate targets by 2020, but they will need to demonstrate their efforts in good faith. Paris has succeeded as a new type of climate agreement. The regulatory framework can help make it a strong and sustainable regime, provided it remains true to the Paris agreement itself. Related Content Climate Change Non-Diplomatic Action: A Practical Guide to The New Policy and Geopolitics of Climate Change David G. Victor and Bruce Jones February 2018 Climate Change The Dark Side of Solar Varun Sivaram April 2018 Indian Energy Security And Economy Towards Renewable Energy Rahul Tongia and Samantha Gross September 2018 The initial commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol has extended until 2012.

This year, at COP18 in Doha, Qatar, delegates agreed to extend the agreement until 2020 (without some industrialized countries withdrawing). They also reaffirmed their commitment made at COP17 in Durban, South Africa, in 2011, to create a new global climate treaty by 2015 that would require all major emitters not included in the Kyoto Protocol, such as China, India and the United States, to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The new treaty – which was to become the Paris Agreement – was to completely replace the Kyoto Protocol by 2020. However, the Paris agreement came into force earlier than expected in November 2016. Taking part in an election campaign promise, Trump – a climate denier who has claimed that climate change is a “hoax” perpetrated by China, announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal procedure requires that the agreement be in effect for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. She`ll have to wait a year before she leaves the pact. This means that the United States could formally withdraw on November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections.

Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say. a future president could join us in a month. This perseverance paid off as confidence in the system was slowly rebuilt. This year, the window of opportunity has reopened and the world has united around an agreement. The media praised it as “landmark” and “historic.” While the real effect will occur over time, there is no doubt that this is an important moment and a springboard for more action. Tags: Catherine Devitt, climate change, climate talks, COP21, Laudato si`, Paris 2015, the INDC Paris Agreement will become NDCs – nationally determined contributions – as soon as a country joins the Agreement.