While some Republicans argued that Oman needed time to draft new laws with the technical support of the ILO, some Democrats argued for a change in Omani legislation before the U.S. WADA Implementation Act was reviewed by Congress.39 After several years of negotiations, the free trade agreement was reached on January 1, 2009. The purpose of the agreement is to bring a number of benefits to Omani and U.S. companies, including: on May 18, 2006, the Senate Finance Committee responded to concerns by unanimously passing an amendment to the implementation bonus of the U.S. government`s Oman-FTA enforcement bill. The amendment proposed by Senator Kent Conrad would prohibit all products manufactured in Oman “with slave labour (including under conditions as monstrous as slave labour) or with the usefulness of human trafficking would benefit from the agreement. The committee`s Republicans, including Chairman Chuck Grassley, voted in favor of the concept amendment with Democrats. In 2005, the main U.S. imports from Oman (see Table 1) were oil and natural gas (75%, representing 1% of all U.S. oil and gas imports from MEFTA countries) and clothing (10%).
The main U.S. exports to Oman were different types of transportation equipment and road vehicles (56% in total) and different types of machinery (24%). Since 2001, U.S. exports to Oman have almost doubled to $593 million for a variety of reasons, while U.S. imports from Oman have increased by about one-third to $555 million, mainly due to higher oil import prices. As a result, the United States recorded a small trade surplus with Oman in 2005. The U.S. Coast Guard, customs and border services play a key role in ensuring security at U.S. ports; and nothing in the agreement alters or diminishes the authority of these agencies. Not all work rules are treated in the same way. The free trade agreement between the United States and Oman establishes three basic labour obligations for partner countries: (1) ILO compliance obligations; (2) obligations to enforce their own labour standards; (3) and the obligation not to abstain from these standards in order to attract trade and investment.
However, critics argue that only the second of these three obligations is enforceable by the dispute settlement procedures of the Oman Free Trade Agreement in the United States. This treatment, they argue, runs counter to the provisions of the U.S.-Jordan free trade agreement, which make the three commitments enforceable through the dispute settlement process.28 Each government is required to effectively enforce its own labour legislation, as in other free trade agreements negotiated under the President`s Trade Promotion Authority or the Fast Track Authority of the Trade Act 2002 (P.L. 107-210). This is the only work provision that can be imposed through the dispute resolution process of the agreement, and the maximum penalty for each offence is limited to $15 million per violation per year. If the party has taken legal action against not paying a monetary assessment, the complainant may take other steps to collect the assessment (or otherwise ensure compliance), including suspending tariff benefits under the free trade agreement. The reconciliation prototype is another method of submitting ongoing and large-scale claims from Oman FTA. As a standard 19 USC 1520 (d) duties must be made within one year of importation and all requirements and responsibilities of the preferential program remain in effect. On June 29, 2006, the U.S. Senate passed OFTA by 60-34 votes, the fewest “aye” votes in the Senate on a trade bill other than the CAFTA. On 20 July 2006, the U.S.
House of Representatives passed the OFTA by 221 votes in, 205 against and 7 abstentions.  For procedural reasons, the Senate voted on Sept.